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St. Vincent and the Grenadines



St. Vincent and the Grenadines is comprised of 32 islands or cayes. Seven of these are relatively large and inhabited, namely Bequia, Mustique, Canouan, Myreau, Union Island, Petit St. Vincent, and Palm Island. It stretches 18 km from east to west, and 29.6 km from north to south with a total land area of 345 km2.  Its coastal shelf is 7,800 km2, and the coastline of all its islands totals 84 km.  It has a 200 nm Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of 27,533 km2.


The industry is artisanal, employing traditional gear, methods, and vessels. There are approximately 1,500 full and 1,000 part-time fishermen operating from 38 landing sites. Another 2,500 persons are employed in the fishing industry either in marketing, boat repair, or boat building services.


The fleet consists of approximately 600 vessels: transoms/open boats 3-6 m in length, made from wood or marine plywood, powered by one or two outboard gasoline engines ranging from 14-115 hp, and used in the lobster and conch fisheries. Pirogue vessels are 7-10 m in length, fiberglass, powered by one or two outboard engines ranging from 40-75 hp, and used for trolling and handline fishing. Double-enders are open wooden boats 3-9 m in length propelled by oars or a small 6-48 hp outboard engine used in the beachseine fishery. Longliners range from 10.5-15 m in length powered by inboard diesel engines 90-190 hp. Small inshore pelagic (jacks, sprat, robin) account for 45% of total fish landings, offshore pelagic 25%, demersal 20%, and shellfish 20%.


The Fisheries Division operates under the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries and is responsible for the overall management and development of the fisheries sector. Specifically, to effectively manage and develop the fisheries sector, in consultation with all stakeholders and within the context of economic diversification, through the sustainable utilization of available aquatic resources, by research, technology transfer and training, in order to optimize the sector’s contribution to the national economy.